On the origin and function of "ding"
The ding was originally an ancient cooking vessel, equivalent to a modern pot, used for braising and serving fish. Xu shen said in shuo wen jie zi, "ding, three feet and two ears, and the treasure of five tastes." It has a round tripod with three feet and a square tripod with four feet. The first tripod was made of clay. Later, it was made of bronze. It is said that xia yu once cast the golden tripod of jiumu at the foot of jingshan mountain to symbolize jiuzhou, and engraved the figures of monsters and shadows on it to keep people alert and prevent them from being hurt. Since the legend of yuzhu nine tripod, the tripod from the general cooking and development for the important national. The xia dynasty was destroyed and the shang dynasty was prospering. The shang dynasty was destroyed and the zhou dynasty became prosperous. From shang to zhou, it was called dingdu or dingding.
Ding is regarded as a symbol of the importance of the country, the country and power. The word "ding" is also endowed with extended meanings such as "prominent", "honorable" and "grand", such as: a word is a tripod, a great name, a golden age, great help, and so on. Ding is also a ceremonial vessel for jing gong and ji ji. During the zhou dynasty, the king or princes and ministers cast the tripod to record the grand occasion on important occasions or when receiving gifts. This custom still has some influence to this day. To celebrate the 50th anniversary of the United Nations, the People's Republic of China presented a bronze tripod, century tripod, to the United Nations at its headquarters on October 21, 1995. On the occasion of the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the peaceful liberation of Tibet, the central government presented the Tibet autonomous region with the "treasure tripod of ethnic unity", which stands in the people's hall square in Lhasa, symbolizing ethnic unity and the prosperous development of all undertakings in Tibet. The move has far-reaching implications and rich cultural connotations.
Ding is the representative of Chinese bronze culture. It is the witness of civilization and the carrier of culture. According to the legend of yuzhu jiuding, it can be inferred that China had bronze smelting and casting technology more than 4,000 years ago; The large bronze tripod of the shang dynasty excavated from underground proved that the shang dynasty in China was a highly developed Bronze Age. The "si mu wu" large fang ding in the Chinese history museum is the bronze ding in the late shang dynasty. It is 133cm high and weighs 875kg. The tripod has three characters "si mu wu" inside. It was made by the king of shang in sacrifice to his mother wu. The big yue ding, big ke ding, maogong ding and song ding unearthed in the qing dynasty are all famous bronzes in the western zhou dynasty. Tripod and other recorded the inscriptions on the Bronze Age of chow tai laws system and conferring, sacrifices, such as the army, and made the minor characters of the western zhou dynasty to the later generations, form the jinwen calligraphy art has a high aesthetic value, ding and therefore more value, become more important than other bronze historical relics. According to the aesthetician li zehou, Chinese bronzes are the most aesthetic works of bronze in the mature period of Chinese bronze art, which are represented by the unique tripod, the ding, the heavy and thick structure, the mysterious and mysterious ornamentation, and the deep carving.
Although the character "ding" in modern Chinese has undergone many changes, such as oracle bone inscriptions, jinwen, xiaozhuan and lishu, it still retains the style and physical characteristics of the thing "ding".
The legend and function of the ding
Although the yellow emperor defeated the descendants of the yan emperor, he cast a tripod to commemorate the war. In the process of casting the ding, tigers, leopards, birds and ghosts and gods of the four sides, strange birds and monsters were guarding it. So, this tripod and special tripod.
In addition, the yellow emperor cast the tripod of heaven, earth and human beings, while the tripod of xia yuzhu represented the town of jiuzhou. Therefore, ding can be used as a transport supplement. If the office put it, to enhance the right to make the subordinate obediently, listen to the words.
Therefore, ding is also the treasure of the town house.